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The European Journal
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Arturs Bikovs, Ilvija Bruge, Andris Spruds

Russia‘s influence and presence in Latvia

Latvia has been historically exposed to the geopolitical ambitions of its large neighbouring states. Latvia’s historical trajectories correlate with a fall and rise of empires and patterns of ensuing regional conflicts and cooperation. This report outlines the many ways that Latvia and Russia have been linked throughout history and the continuing ways Russia seeks to influence Latvia’s current society.