The withdrawal of the United States from Afghanistan has marked a major power shift in global politics. For many, it’s seen as a further move by the US towards isolationist policies on the world stage. For many in Europe this poses a great threat to stability and security, with the United States long seen as reliable partner.
Questions in European Capitals are now being asked about what the future of defence in Europe will look like, with some turning towards the EU as an answer, whilst others continue to look to NATO and the transatlantic alliance. The question however remains, what is the future of European defence policy after Afghanistan?